Forest Stands Map and Survey Information
(Top of map is west.  Stand I is east of South Century - off the bottom of the map)

Summary by Stand

Stand

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

VII

Riparian

Location

East of So. Century

Between So. Century & Schoolhouse

Between So. Century & So. Access Road

Between Barn and River

Ranch Southwest Corner

North of Large Pasture by Barn

West of Hashknife Road

River Corridor

Acreage

7.5

11

32

39

18

36

32.5

110

Forest Type

Even-aged, single story

Even-aged, single story

Mixed age, two story

Multi-aged, two story

Multi-aged, two story

Multi-aged, two-story

Uneven age, two story

Shrub, brush

Species

Lodgepole, scattered ponderosa

Lodgepole, scattered ponderosa

Lodgepole, ponderosa, few juniper

Lodgepole, scattered ponderosa

Lodgepole, scattered ponderosa

Lodgepole, scattered ponderosa

Lodgepole, scattered ponderosa

Willows, scattered lodgepole

Tree Density per Acre

700 900

200-300

90-130

300-500

500-700

500-700

400-500

Willow clumps

Age

50-60 years

50-60 years

60-80

Overstory 50-60, Under 5-10

Overstory 60-80, Under 5-20

Overstory 60-80, Under 5-20

Overstory 60-80, Under 5-20

Lodgepoles 30-40

Exposure

Southwest

West Southwest

South - Southwest

Southeast - South

South - Southwest

South - Southwest

Southeast - South

South - Southwest

History

Natural

Thinned 1998

Thinned 1998, 2003

Grown from old meadow

Thick, dead fuels

Thick, dead fuels

Pre-commercial

Recent planting

Future Manage-ment

Pre-commercial thinning.  Brush removal

Remove bitterbrush & selected trees

Light commercial thinning

Convert areas to ponderosa.  Pre-commercial thinning.

Intensive pre-commercial thinning & fuels reduction

Intensive pre-commercial thinning & fuels reduction

More pre-commercial thinning, fuels reduction

Nurture recent planting.  Focus on wildlife.

Data is from cruise by Ranch Foreman in 1998

Following are detailed descriptions of the forest stands from the 1998 cruise:

Stand number:  I

Stand acreage:  7.5 Forest type:  Mixed, even-aged, single story conifer

Tree species mix:  Lodgepole pine with scattering of large ponderosa pine
Tree density:  700-900 trees per acre
Site index:  90
Site class:  III
Age:  50-60 years
Size class:  5 inch average DBH
Elevation:  4160
Slope:  0-3
Aspect:  SW exposure
Forest inventory data (from plots sampled during cruise):  

Plot Date Size (Acres) Avg. DBH* # Trees Trees/Acre
1 1997 1/4 5 196 784
2 1997 1/4 4 241 964
3 1997 1/4 4 244 976
*(DBH is diameter of tree at breast height - 54" above grade)

Understory vegetation:  Scattered bitterbrush, rabbit brush, and currant with a light component of grasses and forbs.
 
Stand history:  This is a naturally regenerated thick stand of lodgepole with a few scattered large ponderosa that has had little management.  The portion south of Vandevert Road was pre-commercially thinned in 2004 and will be thinned again in 2008.
 
Management opportunities:  In need of pre-commercial thinning and brush removal to allow the residual trees to thrive.  Remove diseased and suppressed trees and most of the bitterbrush to create a fuels break in conjunction with South Century Drive to protect the eastern boundary of the Ranch.
 
Stand number:  II (See photo to right of Stand II north of main gate)
 
Stand acreage:  11
Forest type:  Mixed, even-aged , single story conifer.
Tree species mix:  Lodgepole pine and ponderosa pine
Tree density:  200-300 trees per acre
Site index:  90
Site class:  III
Size class:  Lodgepole 8 inch average DBH
         Ponderosa 12 inch average DBH
Age:  50-60 years
Elevation:  4160
Slope:  0-3
Aspect:  W-SW exposure
Forest inventory data: 

Plot Date Size (Acres) Avg. DBH # Trees Trees/Acre
1 1997 1/4 7 79 316
2 1997 1/4 11 55 220
Note:  In Plot 2, DBH of Ponderosas was 12", Lodgepoles was 10"

Understory vegetation:  Scattered bitterbrush, rabbit brush and currant with light component of grasses and forbs.
 
Stand history:  This is a naturally regenerated stand of lodgepole and ponderosa.  The portion adjacent to the schoolhouse has a very nice stand of  predominantly ponderosa with mature scattered lodgepole.  This stand was pre-commercially thinned in 1998 and some fuel ladder reduction was also done.
 
Management opportunities:  Remove some bitterbrush and a few lodgepole and a small number of suppressed ponderosa to help protect stand from fire and insects.
 
Stand number:  III
 
Stand acreage:  32
Forest type:  Mixed, multi-aged, two story conifer
Tree species mix:  Mature lodgepole and ponderosa overstory with naturally regenerated understory of mixed lodgepole and ponderosa.  A few small scattered juniper.
Tree density:  90-130 trees per acre (in 1998 - is much greater in 2008 because many trees have grown from under 6" DBH to be 6" DBH or greater.   
Site index:  100
Site class:  III
Size class:  Lodgepole 10.5 average DBH
         Ponderosa 12 average DBH
Age:  60-80
Elevation:  4160
Slope:  0-3
Aspect:  S-SW exposure
Forest inventory data:  

Plot Date Size (Acres) Avg. DBH # Trees Trees/Acre
1 1997 3.3 10 316 95
2 1997 2.9 10.5 222 76
3 1997 9 10.7 1179 130
4 1997 4 10.7 295 73

Understory vegetation:  Scattered bitterbrush and currant with good component of grasses.
 
Stand history:  Some commercial removal.  Salvage removal of windthrow and insect infested mature lodgepole.  Pre-commercial thinning done in 1998 and 2003.
 
Management opportunities:  Excellent opportunity to do light commercial thinning to widen spacing for forest health and fire prevention.  Remove some scattered bitterbrush to prevent crown fire potential.  Continue pre-commercial thinning to further create a more desirable ponderosa forest.  Opportunity for rotational grazing to reduce fuels.
 
Stand number:  IV
 
Stand acreage:  39
Forest type:  Multi-aged, two-story conifer
Tree species mix:  Predominately lodgepole with very few scattered ponderosa
Tree density:  300-500
Site index:  90
Site class:  III
Size class: overstory pole size
        understory sapling size
Age:  overstory 50-60
 understory  5-10
Elevation:  4160
Slope:  0-3
Aspect:  SE-S exposure
Forest inventory data:  no measurements
Understory vegetation:  scattered bitterbrush and currant
 
Stand history:  naturally regenerated lodgepole that has taken over old meadows.  Some old oxbows and wet areas.  Open areas were planted with ponderosa pine containerized stock in 2004. 
 
Management opportunities:  Conversion of some areas to ponderosa pine.  Pre-commercial thinning for forest health and fire prevention.  Rotational grazing for fuels reduction.
 
Stand Number:  V
 
Stand acreage:  18
Forest type:  Multi-aged, two-story conifer
Tree species mix:  lodgepole with few scattered ponderosa
Tree density:  500-700
Site index:  90
Site class:  III
Size class:  overstory  7-9
         understory  sapling
Age:  overstory 60-80
          understory 5-20
Elevation:  4160
Slope:  0-3
Aspect:  S-SW exposure
Forest inventory data:  no collected data
Understory vegetation:  scattered bitterbrush and currant with some grass components.
 
Stand history:  This stand was hit by a  beetle epidemic in the early 80’s.  Salvage logging was done but no slash was disposed of.  Stand is very thick with natural lodgepole regeneration and deep with dead fuels.
 
Management opportunities:  Stand needs intensive pre-commercial thinning and fuels reduction work.  Fire roads and access are in.  Numerous old skid trails are prevalent.  Pre-commercial thinning has been started on the western property boundary.  Reduce stems per acre, reduce disease, reduce fuels, and reduce fire hazard potential.
 
Stand number:  VI
 
Stand acreage:  36
Forest type:  multi-aged, two-story conifer
Tree species mix:  lodgepole with few scattered ponderosa
Tree density:  500-700
Site index:  90
Site class:  III
Size class:  overstory 7-9
         understory sapling
Age:  overstory 60-80
         understory 5-20
Elevation:  4160
Slope:  0-3
Aspect:  S-SW exposure
Forest inventory data:  no data collected
Understory vegetation:  Scattered bitterbrush and currant with somes grass components.
 
Stand history:  Same as stand number V
 
Management opportunities:  Same as stand number V.  Replant open areas to ponderosa pine.  Fuels reduction on west and north boundaries adjacent to Oregon Water Wonderland.
 
Stand number:  VII
 
Stand acreage:  32.5
Forest type:  uneven-aged, two-story conifer    
Tree species mix:  lodgepole with few scattered ponderosa
Tree density:  400-500
Site index:  90
Site class:  III
Size class:  overstory 7-9
         understory sapling
Age:  overstory 60-80
         understory 5-20
Elevation:  4160
Slope:  0-3
Aspect:  SE-S exposure
Forest inventory data: 

Plot Date Size (Acres) Avg. DBH # Trees Trees/Acre
1 1997 1/4 5 125 500

Understory vegetation:  heavy bitterbrush and scattered currant
 
Stand history:  light commercial high-grade entry in the 80’s.  Salvage of windthrow and insect infested 1998-2003.  First stage of precommercial thinning and fuels reduction done in 2002-03.  Fire access road is in. Heavy rodent damage from porcupines and grey squirrels.
 
Management opportunities:  Need for more pre-commercial thinning and fuels  reduction along western property line adjacent to Oregon Water Wonderland.  Replant open areas to ponderosa seedlings in effort to convert to more desirable species.  Remove bitterbrush for fire control.  Light commercial thinning for spacing of overstory to reduce insect entry and overall forest health.
          
Stand number:  Riparian Corridor
 
Stand acreage:  110
Forest type:  Shrub, brush
Tree species mix:  Willow, shrubs, lodgepole
Tree density:  Heavy concentrations of willow clumps, scattered clumps of lodgepole
Site index:  80
Site class:  III
Age:  Willows, mature.  Lodgepole 30-40
Elevation;  4140
Slope:  0-3
Aspect:  S-SW exposure
Forest inventory data:  No collected data. 
Understory vegetation:  Bitterbrush, currant, rabbit brush, spirea, woods rose, sedges, rushes, grasses.
 
Stand history:  Mature willow clumps, single and small clumps of lodgepole invasions from lack of grazing, oxbow areas with sedges and rushes, heavy grass cover, very little management until recently.
 
Management opportunities:  Almost unlimited potential for wildlife enhancement, especially for riparian and water dwelling birds and mammals.  The entire riparian corridor was planted with ponderosa pine, cottonwood, mountain alder, red osier dogwood and willow in 2004 under a cost share agreement as part of our CCRP contract.  Except for the ponderosa and willow, almost none of the plants have survived.  CCRP advises they did not test the soil for suitability and it turns out to have been inappropriate.  In spite of screens to protect the plants, predation by gophers and other animals was substantial.


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